中藥材的藥品保存方法

       未煎制的中藥材如果不注意保存方法,很容易讓中藥原本的功效降低、發生蟲蛀,煎制完成的中藥湯劑也要注意保存的方法,確保時效性。因此,藥品的保存值得我們大家學習閱讀,下面我們就來看看中藥材的保存方法做簡要說明。

       

未煎制的藥材要保持干燥:

       中藥材的含水量超過15%時,容易發生蟲害、霉變等問題。故對含水量高的藥材,降低中藥材含水量最常用方法是:把藥材攤在潔凈席子上,擺在太陽下曬?;蚍旁谕L的室內或遮蔭的棚下陰干。此外,也可以每劑藥放干燥劑包保持藥材干燥。值得注意的是,藥材在于燥前都要充分散開.使其干燥均勻,避免局部含水量超標發生蟲蛀霉變。

未煎制藥材的合理儲藏:

1、放低溫環境下保存。如果當地溫度或濕度較大。如沿海城市及高溫、梅雨季節。藥材保存就要放在心上。霉菌和蟲蛀在1 0℃以下不易發生,且泛油、溶化、粘連等藥材受潮反應在低溫時也不易發生,所以將藥材放在塑料袋中置于陰涼干燥處(如冰箱),更加有利于保存,確保有備無患。

2、有些藥材注意密封保存:如種子類藥材(白扁豆、麥芽、薏苡仁等),放置高處可防止老鼠撕咬;容易風化(芒硝等)和揮發(冰片等)的藥材,可采取密閉保存可避免有效成分丟失。密封時,將藥品放在干凈的陶瓷罐、真空袋也是不錯的密封容器。

煎制完成中藥湯劑真空密封包裝:

       這種保存方法是最常見的一種,一般都會在包裝中注明保質期和保存的方法。但是目前國家并沒有相關的法律法規進行統一規范,所以會出現不同醫院或者是藥店煎煮出來的相同藥物保質期是不一樣的。

       煎好的中藥保存最重要的就是保存的溫度,溫度越高,變壞的速度也就會越快。如果是在冷藏的情況下,也就是零到5度的情況下,那么一般可以保存一周左右的時間,如果時間超過了一周,檢查是否有漲袋情況。倒到杯子里是否有出現氣泡,或出現其他的異常情況。如果有那么就說明出現變質,就不要喝了。所以建議煎好的真空塑料袋包裝的中藥湯劑盡量低溫保存。

自帶器皿保存方法:

       如果是使用患者自己提供的器皿來盛放中藥,那么最好將一次用不完的中藥,放在冷藏室保存,不要超過三天,否則很容易出現中藥藥液變質,影響療效??傊兴幍母弊饔帽容^小,所以現在越來越多的人習慣使用中藥來治病。利用中藥治病,煎制中藥是必不可少的工作,所以了解中藥材及制品如何保存這個問題是非常有必要的知識。

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