魏氏中醫眼科(松菊堂)歷史文化介紹

發源

       中醫”二字最早見于《漢書?藝文志?經方》,其云:“以熱益熱,以寒增寒,不見于外,是所獨失也。 ”故諺云:“有病不治,常得中醫。 ”在這里中字念去聲?!爸嗅t”這個名詞真正出現得到鴉片戰爭前后。東印度公司的西醫為區別中西醫給中國醫學起名中醫。這個時候的中醫的名稱是為和西醫做一個對比。中醫發源于中國黃河流域,很早就建立了學術體系。中醫在漫長的發展過程中,歷代都有不同的創造,涌現了許多名醫,出現了許多重要學派和名著。作為區域中醫文化的一部分傳衍近二百年,始終與祖國中醫文化樣式生息與共。

史料證明

       寧夏府通判截取縣知事荊士峨為其寫的序中曰:民國六年春,因病目往竭,至,則其門如市,男婦老幼紛列滿堂,皆與我同病呼吁求救者也。這就是當時對魏氏中醫眼科(松菊堂)真實的場景寫照,由于種種原因,它一直沒有得到醫學界、學術研究界的廣泛關注。進入二十一世紀,國家才逐步重視和加強對非物質文化遺產的保護的理論研究

二零零八年魏氏中醫眼科被列為首批非物質文化遺產保護名錄,博興魏氏中醫眼科診所的歷史文化和重要的學術價值才重新被世人所重視,魏氏中醫眼科歷代傳人著作是研究和保存中國明清兩代??漆t學文獻重要的里程碑。張仲景的《傷寒論》孫思邈的《備急千金要方》等等都可以在魏氏中醫眼科的辯證、施治中找到他們的歷史遺跡和鮮活血脈。

松菊堂的歷史就像博興縣的老槐樹一樣顯得古老而神秘。老槐樹的樹齡至今已有千余年的歷史。遠遠望去,像蒼龍騰空,初夏又如綠色巨傘,為過往百姓遮陰納涼提供了好去處。古樹映襯在藍天白云下,顯得蒼勁、挺拔,充滿盎然生機。老槐樹胸圍4.85米,樹干已枯空,樹冠一半枯死,另一半的樹皮上頑強而執著地長出繁密的樹枝,郁郁蔥蔥,蔥翠欲滴,堪稱是一個生命的奇跡,雖然歷經風雨磨難卻又頑強煥發著著旺盛的生命力和蒼翠的容貌,不禁令人悠然回想它生命萌芽的久遠年代、漫長歲月的生長歷程和傳奇經歷。

       關于松菊堂的歷史文獻記載比較豐富。濟南市文雅齋印刷局出版的博興縣志相關記載的目錄部分,具體內容不僅詳盡記錄了當時的魏氏中醫眼科創始人魏儒正凡醫者無不應手即效的場景,也介紹了創始人魏儒正不論貧富貴賤慈善待人的性格和懸壺濟世的醫德醫風。創始人民國年間發行的的著作《眼科集要》石刻版曾發行數萬冊?,F存世書籍已然不多。種種歷史記載也再次促使人們去了解那段塵封的記憶。魏氏中醫世家歷代傳人身上所體現精湛的醫術、大醫博愛的情懷、懸壺濟世的高貴品德,是中華民族的優良傳統和精神文化寶藏!

地域歷史考證

       博興縣位于黃河三角洲腹地,隸屬于山東省濱州市,與淄博、東營兩市接壤。人口 47.08萬,總面積900.7平方公里。博興歷史悠久,遠在四千年前已有人煙聚居,商代是蒲姑國的政治經濟文化中心,周代齊國早期也曾在此建都。博興古跡眾多,北魏天平元年雕造的丈八佛,建于明朝嘉靖年間的鳳陽橋,造型秀美、工藝精致、結構嚴緊、突出體現了明代建筑特色。還有千年老槐樹漢初廣武君李佐車之墓等。

       博興是漢孝子董永的故里,魏氏中醫眼科的發源地。被人們稱為"北國江南,魚米之鄉",是聞名遐爾的"綠色生態保護區"。當年北宋文學家蘇東坡泛舟麻大湖,流連忘返,也寫下了不休的歷史名句。是眾多文人、墨客、名人的誕生地。

       魏氏中醫眼科老宅就坐落在這片有著董永七仙女傳說深厚歷史文化背景的山東省濱州市博興縣中辛安村,老宅建于清朝初年,坐北朝南,大門朝街,高大的映北墻,方正的四合院式建筑,厚實的灰褐色木門。院子大門口的有一對青石石鼓,后來已不見了蹤影, 正房、廂房是平屋磚木結構房,墻壁上有精致的磚花,墻壁有近兩尺厚。老宅原為五進院落。第一進為門庭,門庭東、西側建有廂房。第二進是一個四合院,中間是天井,第三進是廳堂,為主人家待客會診的場所,老宅占地面積約790平方米,一扇灰褐色的木門迎街而開。整座建筑格局完整,不僅吸收了北方建筑的莊重和大氣,又展示了中醫世家的典雅風格。魏氏老宅開始做過藥鋪、診所、后來文革時期曾被當做村公所、庫房等用房,后來文革中期被拆毀。老宅的變遷深刻揭示了當時的政治和文化動蕩。

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